Asymmetric tandem organic photovoltaic cells with hybrid planar-mixed molecular heterojunctions

Jiangeng Xue; Uchida, Soichi; Rand, Barry P.; Forrest, Stephen R.
December 2004
Applied Physics Letters;12/6/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 23, p5757
Academic Journal
We demonstrate high-efficiency organic photovoltaic cells by stacking two hybrid planar-mixed molecular heterojunction cells in series. Absorption of incident light is maximized by locating the subcell tuned to absorb long-wavelength light nearest to the transparent anode, and tuning the second subcell closest to the reflecting metal cathode to preferentially absorb short-wavelength solar energy. Using the donor, copper phthalocyanine, and the acceptor, C60, we achieve a maximum power conversion efficiency of ηP=(5.7±0.3)% under 1 sun simulated AM1.5G solar illumination. An open-circuit voltage of VOC≤1.2 V is obtained, doubling that of a single cell. Analytical models suggest that power conversion efficiencies exceeding 6.5% can be obtained by this architecture.


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