TITLE

Cytochrome c-dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol interactions studied by asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation

AUTHOR(S)
Yohannes, Gebrenegus; Wiedmer, Susanne; Tuominen, Esa; Kinnunen, Paavo; Riekkola, Marja-Liisa
PUB. DATE
November 2004
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Nov2004, Vol. 380 Issue 5/6, p757
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Lipid membranes are well recognized ligands that bind peripheral and integral proteins in a specific manner and regulate their function. Cytochrome c (cyt c) is one of the partner peripheral protein that binds to the lipid membranes via electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions. In this study, asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AsFlFFF) was used to compare the interactions of cyt c with the acidic phospholipid 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-rac-glycerol (DMPG), oleic acid (OA), and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). The influence of pH and the cyt c-lipid molar mass ratios were evaluated by monitoring the diffusion coefficients and particle diameter distributions obtained for the free and lipid-bound protein. The hydrodynamic particle diameter of cyt c (pI 10) was 4.1 nm at pH 11.4 and around 4.2 nm at pH 7.0 and 8.0. Standard molar mass marker proteins were used for calibration to obtain the molar masses of free cyt c and its complexes with lipids. AsFlFFF revealed the binding of cyt c to DMPG and to OA to be mainly electrostatic. In the absence of electrostatic interactions, minor complex formation occurred, possibly due to the extended lipid anchorage involving the hydrophobic cavity of cyt c and the hydrocarbon chains of DMPG or SDS. The possibility of the formation of the molten globule state of cyt c, induced by the interaction between cyt c and lipids, is discussed.
ACCESSION #
15205847

 

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