The Interplay between Habitus, Social Variables and Occupational Preferences

vilhjálmsdóttir, Gudbjörg; arnkelsson, Gudmundur
May 2003
International Journal for Educational & Vocational Guidance;2003, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p137
Academic Journal
European researchers have recently introduced Bourdieu's habitus theory and research methods into the research field of career development. The advantage of Bourdieu's theory is to overcome the theoretical problems that in this field have resulted from over emphasis on individual aspects of career development at the expense of social aspects. The habitus concept allows for the dichotomy between the individual and the social dimensions to be overcome. The research reported here looks at the interplay between habitus, social variables and career preferences but in a younger age group than has previously been studied. It also wonders whether habitus groups exist in the relatively homogenous population of Iceland at a relatively young age, i.e., before divergence in the educational system. Analyses resulted in five habitus groups being formed on the basis of endorsement of cultural and leisure activities. Furthermore, the five groups differed both in terms of sex composition and – importantly – of preferred future occupations. It was concluded that habitus groups form readily and have important implications for research and practice within the field of career counselling.


Related Articles

  • Editorial. Van Esbroeck, Raoul // International Journal for Educational & Vocational Guidance;2003, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p81 

    Introduces a series of articles on educational and vocational guidance in Scandinavian countries. Rationale, structure and features of guidance provision; Research trends in educational and vocational guidance; Habitus, social variables and occupational preferences.

  • Theoretical and Practical Perspectives for the Future of Educational and Vocational Guidance in Australia. Patton, Wendy; McMahon, Mary // International Journal for Educational & Vocational Guidance;Jan2002, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p39 

    This article highlights therelationship between social change andeducational and vocational guidance provision,and emphasises the theoretical and practicalimperative to renew and refocus educational andvocational (career) guidance services. Afterdescribing the major influences on a...

  • COUNSELLOR'S PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AND APPRAISAL OF MY CAREER CHAPTER. McIlveen, Peter // Australian Journal of Career Development (ACER Press);Winter2007, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p12 

    This study investigated a qualitative career assessment and counselling procedure that was founded upon a constructivist, narrative approach to career counselling, My Career Chapter: A Dialogical Autobiography (McIlveen, 2006). Counsellors were trained in the use of the procedure and then...

  • Constructive Development and Career Transition: Implications for Counseling. McAuliffe, Garrett J. // Journal of Counseling & Development;Sep/Oct93, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p23 

    The ability to effectively manage career transition may be related to an individual's meaning-making framework, or constructive development. The implications of constructive developmental theory for career choice and implementation are explored. The interplay between career transition and...

  • DOES CAREER COUNSELLING MATTER? A PERSONAL REFLECTION. PRYOR, ROBERT // Australian Journal of Career Development (ACER Press);Winter2008, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p55 

    The author reflects on the importance of career counselling. He believes that an individual's career is vital for most people's well-being for various reasons which includes providing identity, sustaining social contact and giving a sense of achievement. The author also provides the reason why...

  • COUNTY PROGRAM FOR ADULT GUIDANCE SERVICES.  // Personnel & Guidance Journal;Sep63, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p39 

    The article presents information on county program for adult guidance services. A description and progress report of a county program of adult guidance is now available. Guidance Services for Adults, a 38-page booklet, describes the program developed in the past year in Pinellas County, Florida,...

  • Developmental Career Assessment and Counseling: The C-DAC Model. Super, Donald E.; Osborne, W. Larry; Walsh, Donna J.; Brown, Steve D.; Niles, Spencer G. // Journal of Counseling & Development;Sep/Oct92, Vol. 71 Issue 1, p74 

    The C-DAC model seeks to implement current development theory and to use innovative assessment measures together with improved counseling methods to improve vocational and life career counseling. At this stage, the project pays more attention to assessment, partly because if one is to counsel...

  • Using Qualitative Assessment in Career Counselling. Mcmahon, Mary; Patton, Wendy // International Journal for Educational & Vocational Guidance;Jan2002, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p51 

    Advancements in conceptualisations about career and career development and irreversible changes in the world of work have necessitated that career counsellors reflect on their practice in order that it keeps pace and maintains relevancy.Fundamental to these reflections isconsideration of the...

  • Wall-to-Wall or Patchwork? Linkages: Vehicles of Partnership. Plant, Peter // Journal of Employment Counseling;Jun2000, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p117 

    Career development services are often poorly interlinked. They overlap, yet they are can also be too far apart. They reach out, yet they do not always reach out to those who need the services the most. With examples from Denmark, this article indicates how and why career development services are...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics