A Comparative Analysis of Interhelical Polar Interactions of Various α-Helix Packings in Proteins

Efimov, A. V.; Kondratova, M. S.
May 2003
Molecular Biology;May/Jun2003, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p440
Academic Journal
One hundred twenty globular proteins and forty five “leucine zippers” representing all types of packing of long α-helices were studied in terms of revealing and comparing their interhelical hydrogen and salt bonds. Many previous studies of “leucine zippers” and their analogs showed that interhelical interactions between polar groups could impart specificity to packing of an α-helix. The current comparison demonstrated that basically, globular proteins and “leucine zippers” had similar interhelical polar interactions with presumably a similar structural role. However, depending on the packing of α-helices, the networks of interhelical polar bonds were shown to be distinct and determined both by physicochemical properties of involved amino acid residues and by the relative positions of hydrophobic and hydrophilic residues on the surface of α-helices. The revealed distinction is probably crucial for selecting the unique packing of an α-helix.


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