Interface-oxygen-loss-controlled voltage offsets in epitaxial Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 thin-film capacitors with La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 electrodes

Wu, Wenbin; Wong, K. H.; Choy, C. L.
November 2004
Applied Physics Letters;11/22/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 21, p5013
Academic Journal
Epitaxial Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 (PZT) thin-film capacitors with La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) electrodes have been grown on (LaAlO3)0.3(SrAl0.5Ta0.5O3)0.7 (001) substrates by pulsed-laser deposition. The process-induced imprint behavior in the ferroelectric capacitors was examined by in situ and ex situ annealing at various conditions. It was found that for the capacitors in situ annealed at reduced oxygen pressures, where the LSMO electrodes are stable, voltage offsets in the polarization-electric field hysteresis loops were observed only for those treated at temperatures higher than the Curie temperature. At lower temperatures, the oxygen loss may be suppressed by stresses arising primarily from the paraelectric-to-ferroelectric transformation. However, for the capacitors ex situ annealed at the same low temperature, large voltage offsets were induced due to the oxygen instability of the LSMO electrodes. We show evidence that the imprint is caused by oxygen loss at the PZT/LSMO interface, and closely related to the variation of the PZT structure.


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