Miniaturized dynamic liquid–liquid extraction of organophosphate triesters from blood plasma using the hollow fibre-based XT-tube extractor

Jonsson, Ove B.; Nilsson, Ulrika L.
September 2003
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Sep2003, Vol. 377 Issue 1, p182
Academic Journal
A miniaturized liquid–liquid extractor for bioanalytical sample preparation is described. The extractor consists of a polypropylene hollow fibre mounted inside polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tubing by means of a cross (X) connector and a tee (T) connector. All parts are commercially available, inexpensive, and easily assembled. The aqueous sample, injected into a carrier flow, is pumped along the outside of the fibre and the organic phase, which also wets the pores of the hollow fibre wall, is pumped inside. Eight organophosphate triester (OPE) plasticisers/flame retardants were extracted from 50 µL spiked blood plasma that had been mixed with 50 µL formic acid to denature plasma proteins. The organic phase was a mixture of hexane and methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). A high concentration of formic acid in the sample and of MTBE in the organic phase had positive effects on the recovery of some OPE. When investigating the recovery as a function of extraction time it was found that the extraction reached a maximum after 10 min, at a flow-rate of 15 µL min-1. Recoveries varied between 40 and 80% with RSD around 4% for most compounds. The whole 150-µL extract was injected into a GC–MS system equipped with a programmed-temperature vaporization (PTV) injector. With the MS in selected-ion monitoring (SIM) mode, the LOD for triphenyl phosphate and 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate were 0.3 and 0.2 ng mL-1, respectively. More than 40 plasma extractions were performed with the same fibre without any detectable change in extraction efficiency.


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