Current strategies for electrochemical detection of DNA with solid electrodes

de-los-Santos-Álvarez, Patricia; Lobo-Castaíón, M. Jesís; Miranda-Ordieres, Arturo J.; Tu&atield;n-Blanco, Paulino
January 2004
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jan2004, Vol. 378 Issue 1, p104
Academic Journal
A review of current strategies aimed at detecting nucleic acids (NA) using NA-modified solid electrodes reveals the versatility and potential of electrochemical detection in this field. What emerged at the beginning of 90s as a very promising detection system in DNA technology is now resulting in the first commercial devices. Many aspects of the experimental design, for example surface immobilisation and detection schemes, are outlined and evaluated. Although most approaches use hybridisation as the recognition reaction, those not based on hybridisation are also included. As is finally shown, great advances have been achieved, although further developments are required if electrochemical devices are to be suitable for routine measurement.


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