Interactions between 33 solutes and four cyano-containing stationary phases: gas chromatographic activity coefficients and the solvation parameter model

Santiuste, José M.; Takács, Józef M.
July 2003
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jul2003, Vol. 376 Issue 5, p735
Academic Journal
Infinite-dilution gas–liquid chromatographic activity coefficients at 393.15 K (with their thermal and athermal components) and derived excess partial molar Gibbs energies, enthalpies, and entropies have been determined for each of 33 solutes of different polarity on four stationary phases with cyano groups, using retention data taken from the literature. The strongest interactions predicted by the solvation model are the dipolarity/polarizability, the acidic solute–basic stationary phase interaction, and nonpolar cavity formation and dispersion. These interactions were compared with those evaluated from the solute activity coefficients; the effect of the solute connectivity index and dipole moment on nonpolar and polar interactions, respectively, is discussed. The dependence of the thermal activity coefficient on nonpolar interactions, and the influence of stationary phase polarity on the four solute–stationary phase interactions, were evaluated. The nonpolar interaction increases with increasing connectivity and with increasing athermal activity coefficient. The dipolarity/polarizability interaction increases with increasing solute dipole moment. Finally, polar interactions increase with increasing stationary phase polarity whereas the nonpolar interaction is independent of stationary phase polarity.


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