Uncertainty evaluation of mass values determined by electronic balances in analytical chemistry: a new method to correct for air buoyancy

Wunderli, S.; Fortunato, G.; Reichmuth, A.; Richard, Ph.
June 2003
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jun2003, Vol. 376 Issue 3, p384
Academic Journal
A new method to correct for the largest systematic influence in mass determination—air buoyancy—is outlined. A full description of the most relevant influence parameters is given and the combined measurement uncertainty is evaluated according to the ISO–GUM approach [1]. A new correction method for air buoyancy using an artefact is presented. This method has the advantage that only a mass artefact is used to correct for air buoyancy. The classical approach demands the determination of the air density and therefore suitable equipment to measure at least the air temperature, the air pressure and the relative air humidity within the demanded uncertainties (i.e. three independent measurement tasks have to be performed simultaneously). The calculated uncertainty is lower for the classical method. However a field laboratory may not always be in possession of fully traceable measurement systems for these room climatic parameters. A comparison of three approaches applied to the calculation of the combined uncertainty of mass values is presented. Namely the classical determination of air buoyancy, the artefact method, and the neglecting of this systematic effect as proposed in the new EURACHEM/CITAC guide [2]. The artefact method is suitable for high-precision measurement in analytical chemistry and especially for the production of certified reference materials, reference values and analytical chemical reference materials. The method could also be used either for volume determination of solids or for air density measurement by an independent method.


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