Size fractionation of non-volatile dissolved organic compounds and metal species in German white wines by combining on-line tangential-flow multistage ultrafiltration, a home-built carbon analyser, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

del Mar Castiñeira, Maria; Burba, P.; Jakubowski, N.; Andersson, J.
May 2003
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;May2003, Vol. 376 Issue 2, p174
Academic Journal
Organic metal species and their size fractions in three German white wines were characterized by combining multistage ultrafiltration (MST-UF), determination of non-volatile dissolved organic carbon (NV-DOC) by a home-built carbon analyser, and metal quantification by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP–MS). First, NV-DOC and metal species in selected "dry" German white wines were fractionated on-line using MST-UF in the size range of >100 kDa to <1 kDa. For this purpose a 20 mL sample of the wine under study diluted 1:10 with high-purity water was processed through a cascade system of hydrophilized polyethersulfone-based flat membranes of decreasing cut-off (100, 50, 10, 5, and 3 kDa). An aliquot of the fraction <3 kDa was additionally processed through a commercial UF tube (MidGee system, cut-off: 1 kDa) to obtain low-molecular size fractions also. A home-built carbon analyser was applied to determine NV-DOC in the wines and their size fractions. The NV-DOC found in a German reference wine and its size fractions was as follows: total NV-DOC: 8.97 mg mL-1; F1 (>100 kDa), 0.15%; F2 (50–100 kDa), 0.44%; F3 (10–50 kDa), 0.74%; F4 (5–10 kDa), 0.76%; F5 (5–3 kDa), 0.7%; F*6 (3–1 kDa), 0.9%; F7 (<1 kDa), 81.6% (related to total NV-DOC). The NV-DOC recovery was 85.2%. Accordingly, most of the NV-DOC in this wine consists of low-molecular mass organic compounds of <1 kDa, presumably carboxylic acids as typical in wine. Parallel metal determinations in these wines and their fractions were performed by ICP–MS. The measurements showed that the major part of the metals investigated, up to 25 elements, were dissolved in the size fraction of <1 kDa except Ba, Sr and Pb which appeared also in other fractions. In addition, conventional UV–VIS spectroscopy was applied to characterise the studied wines and their size fractions. According to this, the UV absorbance between 254 and 280 nm of these white wines shows a parallel trend to their NV-DOC.


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