X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy for detection of the different Si–O bonding states of silicon

Pleul, Dieter; Frenzel, Ralf; Eschner, Michael; Simon, Frank
April 2003
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Apr2003, Vol. 375 Issue 8, p1276
Academic Journal
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to detect the bonding between a silica particle surface and attached silanes. In addition to the commonly recorded Si 2p spectrum, the Si 1 s level is also accessible when monochromatic Ag Lα X-rays are applied. Furthermore, the spectrum of the Si 1 s level shows a fine structure. After spectrum deconvolution, we assigned the fitted spectral peaks to Si–C bonds of the silanes and to the Si–O bonds of the silica network. The recorded Si 1 s spectra were deconvoluted into peaks originating from Si–C bonds and the Si–O–Si silica network. To check the results of spectrum deconvolution, several differently functionalized silanes containing stoichiometric amounts of heteroatoms were applied for silica surface modification. We conclude that spectra deconvolution of the Si 1 s signal is an appropriate means for quantification of surface attached silane molecules.


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