TITLE

Determination of plutonium and its isotopic ratio in marine sediment samples using quadrupole ICP-MS with the shield torch system under normal plasma conditions

AUTHOR(S)
Zheng, Jian; Yamada, Masatoshi; Wang, Zhongliang; Aono, Tatsuo; Kusakabe, Masashi
PUB. DATE
June 2004
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jun2004, Vol. 379 Issue 3, p532
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
An analytical method for determining 239Pu and 240Pu in marine sediment samples, which uses quadrupole ICP-MS, was developed in this work. A simple anion-exchange chromatography system was employed for the separation and purification of Pu from the sample matrix. A sufficient decontamination factor of 1.4×104 for U, which interferes with the determination of 239Pu, was achieved. High sensitivity Pu determination was obtained, which led to an extremely low concentration detection limit of ~8 fg/ml (0.019 mBq/ml for 239Pu; 0.071 mBq/ml for 240Pu) in a sample solution, or an absolute detection limit of 42 fg in a 5 ml sample solution, by using the shield torch technique. Analytical results for the determination of the 239+240Pu and the 240Pu/239Pu ratio in IAEA 368 (ocean sediment) reference material indicated that the accuracy of the method was satisfactory. The method developed was successfully applied to a study of Pu behavior in the sediments from Sagami Bay, Japan. The observed high 240Pu/239Pu ratio in the sediment core indicated that there was additional Pu input derived from close-in fallout in addition to the global fallout.
ACCESSION #
15125110

 

Related Articles

  • Plutonium characteristics in sediments of Hiroshima Bay in the Seto Inland Sea in Japan. Liu, Zhiyong; Zheng, Jian; Yamada, Masatoshi; Pan, Shaoming; Kawahata, Hodaka // Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Jun2011, Vol. 288 Issue 3, p911 

    Sediment core samples were collected from Hiroshima Bay in the Seto Inland Sea, western Northwest Pacific Ocean, and their Pu activities and Pu/Pu atom ratios were determined by sector field ICP-MS. The activities of Pu ranged from 0.556 ± 0.025 to 0.745 ± 0.023 mBq/g. The atom ratios of...

  • A simple and economic method for accurate determination of the energy peak efficiency of 208 keV γ-ray of U based on Pu/U secular equilibrium. Yi, Xiaowei; Yu, Gongshuo; Zhang, Jiamei; Zhang, Haitao; Li, Mei; Dang, Haijun // Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Mar2014, Vol. 299 Issue 3, p1987 

    A new method is developed for the determination of energy peak efficiency of 208 keV γ-ray of U based on Pu/U secular equilibrium. Plutonium solution was purified to remove Am with Dowex 1 × 2 anion exchange chromatography and the concentration of Pu in the purified solution was...

  • Determination of plutonium in environmental samples with quadrupole ICP-MS. Greis, C.; Karlsson, S.; Düker, A.; Pettersson, H.; Allard, B. // Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Jan2008, Vol. 275 Issue 1, p55 

    A method for rapid determination of plutonium isotopes in environmental samples with ultrasonic nebulisation and quadrupole ICP-MS detection was established. Techniques for sample dissolution, pre-concentration and chemical separation were evaluated and the optimal scheme outlined. Comparisons...

  • Determination of Iopromide in Environmental Waters by Ion Chromatography-ICP-MS.  // Asian Environmental Technology;2013 Annual Buyers' Guide, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p14 

    The article presents a study which focuses on the use of ion chromatography inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) for the identification of iopromide in environmental waters.

  • Rapid multi-element analysis of groundwater by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Cheng, Z.; Zheng, Y.; Mortlock, R.; van Geen, A. // Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jun2004, Vol. 379 Issue 3, p512 

    A rapid and sensitive method was developed to determine, with a single dilution, the concentration of 33 major and trace elements (Na, Mg, Si, K, Ca, Li, Al, P, S, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Sr, Mo, Cd, In, Sn, Sb, Cs, Ba, Re, Hg, Pb, Bi, U) in groundwater. The method relies on...

  • 239, 240, 241Pu fingerprinting of plutonium in western US soils using ICPMS: solution and laser ablation measurements. Cizdziel, James V.; Ketterer, Michael E.; Farmer, Dennis; Faller, Scott H.; Hodge, Vernon F. // Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jan2008, Vol. 390 Issue 2, p521 

    Sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SF-ICPMS) has been used with analysis of solution samples and laser ablation (LA) of electrodeposited alpha sources to characterize plutonium activities and atom ratios prevalent in the western USA. A large set of surface soils and attic...

  • Application of IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS in Environmental Research. Michalski, Rajmund // Spectroscopy;Feb2013 Supplement, p28 

    The article discusses the potential application of ion chromatography (IC) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in environmental research. It mentions that although other analytical techniques like amperometric, photometric and potentiometric analysis exist as well, but this...

  • IC-ICP-MS Speciation Analysis of As in Apple Juice. Kutscher, Daniel; McSheehy, Shon; Wills, Julian; Jensen, Detlef // Spectroscopy;Jul2012 Current Trends in Mass Spectrometry, p49 

    The article offers information on a study in which apple juice samples are analyzed by Ion Chromatography (IC)-Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to determine the concentration of six arsenic species. It informs that a Dionex ICS-5000 ion chromatogram is used for...

  • Hyphenated Techniques as Modern Detection Systems in Ion Chromatography. Wille, Andrea; Czyborra, Stefanie; Steinbach, Alfred // LC-GC Asia Pacific;Sep2009, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p1 

    This article describes the use of combined ion chromatography-mass spectrometry (IC-MS) and ion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (IC-ICP-MS) to analyse potentially harmful compounds.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics