Multiresidue method using SPME for the determination of various pesticides with different volatility in confined atmospheres

Ferrari, Federico; Sanusi, Astrid; Millet, Maurice; Montury, Michel
June 2004
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jun2004, Vol. 379 Issue 3, p476
Academic Journal
An analytical method is described for assessing the vapour concentration of 11 pesticides (bioallethrin, chlorpyriphos methyl, folpet, malathion, procymidone, quintozene, chlorothalonil, fonofos, penconazole and trimethacarb) in confined atmospheres (e.g. a greenhouse after pesticide application). This study is a successful extension of a method previously developed by the authors for dichlorvos to much less volatile pesticides. Sampling was performed by using polydimethylsiloxane–solid phase micro-extraction (PDMS–SPME) fibres immersed in a 250-mL sampling flask through which air samples were dynamically pumped from the analysed atmosphere. After a 40-min sampling duration, samples were analysed by GC/MS. Calibration was performed from a vapour-saturated air sample. The linearity of the observed signal versus pesticide concentration in the vapour phase was proved from spiked liquid samples whose headspace concentrations were measured by using the proposed method. This procedure gave calibration curves with regression coefficients (R2) greater than 0.98, and the repeatability of these measurements was found with RSDs of 1.9–7.6%. As a field application test, this analysis procedure was used for the determination of gaseous procymidone concentrations as a function of time in the atmosphere of an experimental 8-m2 and 20-m3 greenhouse. The pesticide was sprayed according to real cultivation conditions, and measurements were made for 80 h after application (8 measurements). The observed concentrations found ranged from 200 to 500 µg m-3, thus indicating the level of contamination of the air breathed by people in such working conditions.


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