Voltammetry of lead cations on a new type of silver composite electrode in the presence of other cations

Navrátil, Tomáš; Šebková, Světlana; Kopanica, Miloslav
May 2004
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;May2004, Vol. 379 Issue 2, p294
Academic Journal
A new type of silver composite electrode was examined, prepared from silver, graphite powder, and methacrylate resin. The effects of the presence of various cations (cadmium, copper, bismuth, thallium), anions (chlorides), surface-active substances (Triton X-100), and oxygen on the anodic-stripping voltammetric determination of lead were studied. It was found that the effect of underpotential deposition at the composite electrode differs from that produced at a metallic silver electrode, mainly at low concentrations of the deposited metal. The use of this type of silver composite electrode in differential pulse anodic-stripping voltammetry enables direct determination of lead in natural water samples without elimination of surface-active substances (LOD about 3 μg L-1).


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