Chemiluminescence detection of superoxide anion release and superoxide dismutase activity: modulation effect of Pulsatilla chinensis

Yao, Dachun; Vlessidis, Athanasios G.; Gou, Yulan; Zhou, Xinrong; Zhou, Yikai; Evmiridis, Nicholaos P.
May 2004
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;May2004, Vol. 379 Issue 1, p171
Academic Journal
A novel flow-injection chemiluminescence-based method has been developed for determination of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. An in-vitro superoxide anion generation xanthine/xanthine oxidase stable source was established on line with FIA/CL-detection apparatus, for measuring SOD activity. This method can detect SOD in the linear range of 0.002–2.00 U mL-1 with a detection limit of 0.001 U mL-1. Another method for detection of superoxide anion is based on the luminol–FeCl3 chemiluminescence (CL) reaction. This method was used to evaluate superoxide release and SOD activity in rats treated with the traditional Chinese herb Pulsatilla chinensis, which resulted in high clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) after treatment of a hepatitis B patient. Interestingly, we found that treatment with Pulsatilla chinensis can specifically increase superoxide release by liver tissues and, at the same time, slightly increase extracellular SOD (ECSOD) activity in plasma; in particular it can markedly increase MnSOD activity in mitochondria in liver tissue. This work revealed a possible mechanism whereby Pulsatilla chinensis prevents possible infection (for example HBV) by specifically increasing superoxide release in the liver and increasing MnSOD activity to minimize superoxide-mediated toxicity.


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