Evaluation of stability of arsenic species in rice

Pizarro, Isabel; Gómez, Milagros; Palacios, Maria Antonia; Cámara, Carmen
May 2003
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;May2003, Vol. 376 Issue 1, p102
Academic Journal
Although most edible vegetables do not accumulate As at a high rate, rice, carrots and certain others are exceptions. In addition to nutritional or toxicological considerations, the relatively high level and variety of As species present in rice make it a very suitable matrix for a candidate reference material representative of terrestrial biological samples. An analytical procedure was developed for As speciation in rice based on the use of a 1:1 methanol–water mixture for species extraction, an anion Hamilton PRPX-100 column (at pH 6, and phosphate mobile phase 10 mM), and a cation Hamilton PRP-X200 column (at pH 2.8 in pyridine formiate 4 mM) for species separation and final determination by HPLC–ICP–MS. The detection limits for dry flour rice expressed as As were 2 and 3 ng g-1 for As(III) and AsB on the cation column and 3, 6 and 5 ng g-1 for As(V), MMA and DMA, respectively, on the anion column. The methodology developed was applied to check the stability of As species in the water–methanol extract and also under different processing steps and storage time and temperature conditions. It was demonstrated that the As species in the water–methanol extracts stored at +4 °C remained stable for at least one month. Once the rice grains are ground, the MMA and As(V) species are not stable under any storage conditions probably due to microbiological activity. When ground rice is γ-irradiated species remain stable although the AsB does not appear.


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