TITLE

Evaluation of denuder sampling for a mixture of three common gaseous diisocyanates

AUTHOR(S)
Nordqvist, Y.; Nilsson, U.; Colmsjö, A.
PUB. DATE
March 2003
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Mar2003, Vol. 375 Issue 6, p786
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A denuder sampler has been evaluated for a mixture of three gaseous diisocyanates, i.e. toluene diisocyanate (TDI), hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI). Sampling was performed at a total concentration of diisocyanates close to the Swedish occupational exposure limit (OEL), which is 10 ppbv (69–92 µg m-3), for a 5-min period. The denuder tube was coated with a chemosorptive stationary phase consisting of SE-30 (polydimethylsiloxane) and the derivatising reagent dibutylamine (DBA). It was shown that the denuder has a collection efficiency for HDI and IPDI comparable to that of an impinger method, while sampling of TDI resulted in an 8% lower concentration. Both short-term (15 min) and long-term (8 h) sampling periods were shown to yield reproducible results. For 8-h measurements, a sampling flow rate of 5 mL min-1 was shown to be suitable for the investigated concentration range, i.e. 10–100 ppbv (69–921 µg m-3). A flow rate of 25 mL min-1 or higher resulted in breakthrough after 8 h due to chromatography of the compounds in the adsorbent. The limit of detection (LOD) for the air sampling method is nearly 500 times lower than the OEL. The denuder tubes can be prepared at least 10 days prior to sampling without degradation of performance. Furthermore, they can be stored up to 6 days in a freezer after sampling without significant loss of analytes.
ACCESSION #
15124515

 

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