Potentiometric determination of equilibrium constants of bases and perchlorates of protonated bases in glacial acetic acid using Superquad

Álvarez-Romero, Giaan A.; Rojas-Hernández, Alberto; Vázquez, Guillermo A.; Ramírez-Silva, Ma. Teresa
March 2003
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Mar2003, Vol. 375 Issue 6, p826
Academic Journal
The traditional method of calculating equilibrium constants in glacial acetic acid medium was developed by Kolthoff and Bruckenstein in 1957; thenceforth, and even presently, few alternatives have been made available to undertake such studies. This paper presents the results obtained with the use of the program Superquad to assess the equilibrium constants of various bases and their protonated perchlorate salts in glacial acetic media. A model of formation equilibria is proposed and fed into the program, considering the species present during an acid–base titration. The calculations of the equilibrium constants using Superquad for pyridine and diethylamine are statistically in agreement with those reported in the literature, (for pyridine: pKB=5.98±0.02, pK PyHClO4=5.47±0.02 and for diethylamine pKB=5.52±0.04, pK DietHClO4=4.52±0.07). With the use of Superquad, the values found for the aniline were pKB=6.95±0.06 and pK AnilHClO4=4.89±0.06.


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