TITLE

Consider the Diagnosis of Splenosis for Soft Tissue Masses Long After Any Splenic Injury

AUTHOR(S)
Khosravi, M. R.; Margulies, D. R.; Alsabeh, R.; Nissen, N.; Phillips, E. H.; Morgenstern, L.
PUB. DATE
November 2004
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Nov2004, Vol. 70 Issue 11, p967
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Splenosis represents the autotransplantation of splenic tissue after splenic trauma or surgery. Disruption of the splenic capsule causes fragments of splenic tissue to be seeded mainly throughout the peritoneal cavity, where they are characterized by diffusely scattered bluish implants. Extraperitoneal locations are very rare and mainly include the thoracic cavity after thoracoabdominal trauma with simultaneous splenic rupture and diaphragmatic laceration. We retrospectively identified all patients in the pathology registry with the diagnosis of splenosis between December 1974 and July 2003 at our urban teaching hospital. Data collected included presenting signs and symptoms, history, imaging studies, treatment, pathology, and outcome. Five cases of splenosis were identified and described. Location of the splenosis was intraperitoneal in two and intrahepatic, intrathoracic, and subcutaneous in one each. In these cases, there was an average interval of 29 years between splenic injury and diagnosis, and most were found incidentally. One of the cases was managed entirely laparoscopically and another thoracoscopically.
ACCESSION #
15109212

 

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