Modeling of the Current Distribution in Aluminum Anodization

Akolkar, Rohan; Landaui, Uziel; Kuo, Harry; Wang, Yar-Ming
August 2004
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry;Aug2004, Vol. 34 Issue 8, p807
Academic Journal
The growth of porous anodic Al2O3 films, formed potentiostatically in continuously stirred 15 wt. % H2SO4 electrolyte was studied as a function of the anodization voltage (14-18 V), bath temperature (15-25 °C) and anodization time (15-35 mm). The variation of the anodic surface overpotential with the current density was measured experimentally. The film thickness at the more accessible portions of the anode was observed to increase with the anodization voltage and the bath temperature. However, the film thickness on the less accessible portions of the anode did not significantly change with the voltage or the bath temperature. This indicates that the anodization process at the more accessible regions is more strongly influenced by the surface processes than by the electric migration within the electrolyte. Furthermore, analysis confirms that the major portion of the film resistivity resides within a thin sub-layer that does not vary with the anodization time, and the growing anodic layer contributes only marginally to the overall film resistance. Computer aided design software was employed to simulate the current density distribution. For the range of process parameters studied, the electrochemical CAD software predicts accurately the measured thickness distribution along the anode.


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