TITLE

Electrode reaction of the Np3+/Np couple at liquid Cd and Bi electrodes in LiCl—KCl eutectic melts

AUTHOR(S)
Shirai, O.; Uozumi, K.; Iwai, T.; Arai, Y.
PUB. DATE
March 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry;Mar2004, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p323
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The electrode reactions of the Np3+/Np couple at liquid Cd and Bi electrodes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry at 723, 773 and 823 K in the LiCI-KCI eutectic melt. it was found that the diffusion of Np3+ in the salt phase was the rate-determining step in the cathodic reaction when the concentration of NpCI3 was less than about I wt % and the liquid Cd or Bi phase was not saturated with Np. The redox potentials of the Np3+/Np couple at the liquid Cd electrode at 723, 773 and 823 K were observed to be more positive than those at the Mo electrode by 0.158, 0.140 and 0.126 V, respectively. The potential shift results from a lowering of the activity of Np in the Cd phase according to the formation of the NpCd11 alloy at 723 K and NpCd6 at 773 and 823 K. The redox potentials of the Np3+/Np couple at the liquid Bi electrode at 723, 773 and 823 K were more positive than those at the Mo electrode by 0.427, 0.419 and 0.410 V, respectively, which is attributable to a lowering of the activity of Np in the Bi phase due to the formation of NpBi2.
ACCESSION #
15102850

 

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