Influence of alloying additives on the performance of commercial grade aluminium as galvanic anode in alkaline zincate solution for use in primary alkaline batteries

Paramasivam, M.; Jayachandran, M.; Iyer, S. Venkatakrisna
March 2003
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry;Mar2003, Vol. 33 Issue 3/4, p303
Academic Journal
The self-corrosion of different grades of commercial aluminium such as 2S, 3S, 26S and 57S in 4 M NaOH containing 0.6 MI ZnO has been determined by weight loss measurements. it is found that 26S and 57S aluminium exhibit negligible corrosion rates in the range 0.05-0.06 mg cm-2 min-1, which can be attributed to the formation of a zincate coating on the aluminium surface. The influence of zincating on the performance of binary and ternary alloys of 26S and 57S aluminium obtained by incorporating alloying elements such as zinc, indium, thallium, gallium and tin as galvanic anode in 4 M NaOH containing 0.6 M ZnO has been examined by studying self corrosion, steady state open circuit potential, galvanostatic polarization and anode efficiency. it is found that zincated ternary alloys of 26S and 57S aluminium containing zinc and indium can serve as good galvanic anodes in alkaline medium. AC impedance measurements and X-ray diffraction studies have been carried out to understand the nature of the film formed on the aluminium surface.


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