TITLE

Processing of Written Words by Individuals With Prelingual Deafness

AUTHOR(S)
Miller, Paul
PUB. DATE
October 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2004, Vol. 47 Issue 5, p979
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to elucidate how prelingual deafness affects the ability to process written words. An experiment designed to reveal possible differences in the word-processing strategies and efficiency of a sample of prelingually deafened students ( n = 18; mean grade = 5.1) and a task-matched hearing control group ( n = 28; mean grade = 4.9) was conducted. The experiment was based on a research paradigm demanding the same/different categorization of physically (perceptually) or conventionally identical word pairs. To elucidate the nature of the word-processing strategy adopted by each group, word pairs varying within their phonological information (monosyllabic, bisyllabic) were used for stimulation. Unexpectedly, findings revealed that the abilities of the 2 participant groups to process written words were remarkably similar. This was true whether or not the processing of the word pairs required the referencing of linguistic knowledge for the mediation of their identicalness. Furthermore, there was no evidence that either of the 2 participant groups relied on phonological information for processing the stimuli. In general, the findings support a conclusion that the difficulties of prelingually deafened individuals with reading are not rooted in a deficient ability to process written words per se but reflect the absence of crucial (probably general as well as linguistic) knowledge as the basis for their final interpretation. The results further suggest that the phonological decoding of written words may not be a prerequisite for their efficient processing in working memory.
ACCESSION #
15087276

 

Related Articles

  • Processing of Written Word and Nonword Visual Information by Individuals With Prelingual Deafness. Miller, Paul // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2004, Vol. 47 Issue 5, p990 

    The objective of this study was to bring about a better understanding of the abilities of prelingually deafened individuals to process word and nonword visual information. Students with prelingual deafness ( n = 18, mean grade = 5.1) and a task-matched hearing control group ( n = 28, mean grade...

  • The Role of Phonology in the Word Decoding Skills of Poor Readers: Evidence from Individuals with Prelingual Deafness or Diagnosed Dyslexia. Miller, Paul // Journal of Developmental & Physical Disabilities;Aug2007, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p385 

    This study seeks to clarify the relation between the phonological skills of both dyslectic readers and prelingually deafened readers and their ability to conceptually process written stimuli. Data was gathered by means of a test designed for the assessment of orthographic and phonemic awareness,...

  • The Role of Sign Phonology and Iconicity During Sign Processing: The Case of Deaf Children. Ormel, Ellen; Hermans, Daan; Knoors, Harry; Verhoeven, Ludo // Journal of Deaf Studies & Deaf Education;Sep2009, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p436 

    To investigate the influence of sign phonology and iconicity during sign processing in deaf children, the roles of these sign features were examined using an experimental sign–picture verification paradigm. Participants had to make decisions about sign–picture pairs, manipulated...

  • Labeling of /s/ and /.../ by Listeners With Normal and Impaired Hearing, Revisited. Hedrick, Mark S.; Younger, Mary Sue // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2003, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p636 

    The two aims of this study were (a) to determine the perceptual weight given formant transition and relative amplitude information for labeling fricative place of articulation perception and (b) to determine the extent of integration of relative amplitude and formant transition cues. Seven...

  • Phonological Activation During Visual Word Recognition in Deaf and Hearing Children. Ormel, Ellen; Hermans, Daan; Knoors, Harry; Hendriks, Angelique; Verhoeven, Ludo // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2010, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p801 

    Purpose: Phonological activation during visual word recognition was studied in deaf and hearing children under two circumstances: (a) when the use of phonology was not required for task performance and might even hinder it and ( b) when the use of phonology was critical for task performance....

  • Working with Reading Disabled Students: Understanding the Components of a Quality Reading Intervention. McKenna, Gregory S. // Guidance & Counseling;Winter2003, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p59 

    Deals with the need for guidance and counseling professionals to understand and familiarize themselves with the components of a quality reading intervention for disabled students. Evaluation criteria for reading intervention; Basic philosophical underpinnings of a strong foundation in...

  • Story Retelling Patterns Among Children with and Without Hearing Loss: Effects of Repeated Practice and Parent-Child Attunement. Robertson, Lyn; Dow, Gina Annunziato; Hainzinger, Sarah Lynn // Volta Review;Fall2006, Vol. 106 Issue 2, p147 

    In two analyses, transcripts from 21 children (ages 3–6) reading and retelling stories with a parent over a six-week period were studied. Ten children with moderate-to-profound hearing loss used assistive technology and the Auditory-Verbal approach for language learning; 11 had typical...

  • Phonological Typicality Does Not Influence Fixation Durations in Normal Reading. Staub, Adrian; Grant, Margaret; Clifton Jr., Charles; Rayner, Keith // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;May2009, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p806 

    Using a word-by-word self-paced reading paradigm, T. A. Farmer, M. H. Christiansen, and P. Monaghan (2006) reported faster reading times for words that are phonologically typical for their syntactic category (i.e., noun or verb) than for words that are phonologically atypical. This result has...

  • A MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALING ANALYSIS OF PHONEMIC RESPONSES FROM HARD OF HEARING AND DEAF SUBJECTS OF THREE LANGUAGES. Danhauer, Jeffrey L.; Singh, Sadanand // Language & Speech;Jan-Mar75, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p42 

    The article presents a study of multidimensional scaling analysis of phenomic responses from hard of hearing and deaf subjects. The results of this study indicate that the deaf subjects did not utilize the feature sibilant as effectively as did the hard of hearing subjects. Since the sibilants...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics