TITLE

The Effect of Phonological Neighborhood Density on Vowel Articulation

AUTHOR(S)
Munson, Benjamin; Solomon, Nancy Pearl
PUB. DATE
October 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2004, Vol. 47 Issue 5, p1048
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Recent literature suggests that phonological neighborhood density and word frequency can affect speech production, in addition to the well-documented effects that they have on speech perception. This article describes 2 experiments that examined how phonological neighborhood density influences the durations and formant frequencies of adults' productions of vowels in real words. In Experiment 1, 10 normal speakers produced words that covaried in phonological neighborhood density and word frequency. Infrequent words with many phonological neighbors were produced with shorter durations and more expanded vowel spaces than frequent words with few phonological neighbors. Results of this experiment confirmed that this effect was not related to the duration of the vowels constituting the high- and low-density words. In Experiment 2, 15 adults produced words that varied in both word frequency and neighborhood density. Neighborhood density affected vowel articulation in both high- and low-frequency words. Moreover, frequent words were produced with more contracted vowel spaces than infrequent words. There was no interaction between these factors, and the vowel duration did not vary as a function of neighborhood density. Taken together, the results suggest that neighborhood density affects vowel production independent of word frequency and vowel duration.
ACCESSION #
15087244

 

Related Articles

  • How Phonological Reductions Sometimes Help the Listener. Mitterer, Holger; Russell, Kevin // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;May2013, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p977 

    In speech production, high-frequency words are more likely than low-frequency words to be phonologically reduced. We tested in an eye-tracking experiment whether listeners can make use of this correlation between lexical frequency and phonological realization of words. Participants heard...

  • Children's sensitivity to factors influencing vowel reading. Zinna, Danielle R.; Liberman, Isabelle Y.; Shankweiler, Donald // Reading Research Quarterly;Fall1986, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p465 

    TO DISAMBIGUATE vowel assignment to a vowel digraph in a word, readers must take into account aspects of file word context beyond the vowel digraph units themselves. The present study examined the development of young readers' use of this context in two experiments. First-, third-, and...

  • PHONEME AND VOICE IDENTIFICATION STUDIES USING JAPANESE VOWELS. Ochiai, Yoshiyuki // Language & Speech;Jul-Sep59, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p132 

    Examines the significance of vowels in the process of phoneme and voice identification through the use of the Japanese language, studied at Nagoya University in Japan. Factors considered in the understanding of words during communication; Importance of voice identification in the rating of...

  • A DIRECT MAGNITUDE SCALING METHOD TO INVESTIGATE CATEGORICAL VERSUS CONTINUOUS MODES OF SPEECH PERCEPTION. Vinegrad, M. D. // Language & Speech;Apr-Jun72, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p114 

    In this study, the perception of synthetic steady-state vowels, synthetic consonant-vowel syllables and pure tones was investigated using a psychophysical scaling procedure involving direct magnitude estimation. The stimuli for the stop-consonants tend to be perceived in terms of category of...

  • Vowel Acoustic Space Development in Children: A Synthesis of Acoustic and Anatomic Data. Vorperian, Houri K.; Kent, Ray D. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2007, Vol. 50 Issue 6, p1510 

    Purpose: This article integrates published acoustic data on the development of vowel production. Age specific data on formant frequencies are considered in the light of information on the development of the vocal tract (VT) to create an anatomic-acoustic description of the maturation of the...

  • Integration of Consonant and Pitch Processing as Revealed by the Absence of Additivity in Mismatch Negativity. Shan Gao; Jiehui Hu; Diankun Gong; Sifan Chen; Kendrick, Keith M.; Dezhong Yao // PLoS ONE;May2012, Vol. 7 Issue 5, p1 

    Consonants, unlike vowels, are thought to be speech specific and therefore no interactions would be expected between consonants and pitch, a basic element for musical tones. The present study used an electrophysiological approach to investigate whether, contrary to this view, there is...

  • EFFECT OF FORWARD AND BACKWARD CO ARTICULATION ON THE IDENTIFICATION OF SPEECH SOUNDS. Sharf, Donald J.; Ostreicher, Harvey // Language & Speech;Jul-Sep73, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p196 

    Investigates the perceptual effects of forward and backward coarticulation across syllable boundaries. Trend towards fewer correct identifications in the deleted vowel condition; Absence of error response pattern for the nasal consonant identifications; Zero intervening-consonant condition;...

  • AUDITORY AND VISUAL CUEING OF THE [± ROUNDED] FEATURE OF VOWELS. Lisker, Leigh; Rossi, Mario // Language & Speech;Oct-Dec92, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p391 

    Discusses the production of some isolated vowels in ten random orders by a seasoned phonetician. Recording of the acoustic signals and frontal views; Lipreading effect; Audiovisual speech perception.

  • Evidence for precategorical extrinsic vowel normalization. Sjerps, Matthias; McQueen, James; Mitterer, Holger // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics;Apr2013, Vol. 75 Issue 3, p576 

    Three experiments investigated whether extrinsic vowel normalization takes place largely at a categorical or a precategorical level of processing. Traditional vowel normalization effects in categorization were replicated in Experiment 1: Vowels taken from an [ɪ]-[ε] continuum were more...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics