Two-dimensional planar size effects in epitaxial PbTiO3 thin films

Lee, Kilho; Kim, Keewon; Soon-Ju Kwon; Baik, Sunggi
November 2004
Applied Physics Letters;11/15/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 20, p4711
Academic Journal
In order to test a critical lateral dimension in two-dimensional (2D) planar ferroelectrics, epitaxial PbTiO3 thin films are patterned into discrete islands lithographically with different lateral sizes. As the pattern size decreases, the substrate clamping effect is significantly reduced and thus the misfit strain in the films could he relaxed further. Evolution of 90° domain structures as a function of lateral dimensions was characterized extensively by reciprocal space mapping using synchrotron x ray. As the lateral 2D planar size decreases in the PbTiO3 patterns on MgO(001), some of the a domains turned into c domains due to the relaxed tensile strain. In the PbTiO3 patterns on Pt(001 ) /MgO(001), on the other hand, the formation of 90° domains is enhanced by the reduction in compressive misfit strain. Equilibrium domain structures in the PbTiO3 thin film islands are also analyzed by the finite element simulation and found to be consistent with the experimental observation.


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