Evolution of the chemical bonding nature of ferroelectric bismuth titanate upon cation substitution

Su Gil Hur; Dae Hoon Park; Tae Woo Kim; Seong-Ju Hwang
November 2004
Applied Physics Letters;11/1/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 18, p4130
Academic Journal
The effect of cation substitution on the crystal and electronic structures of ferroelectric bismuth titanate has been systematically investigated. According to the x-ray diffraction analyses on Bi3.25A0.75Ti3O12 (A=Bi, La, Gd, and Y), it was found that the cation substitution gives rise to the contraction of the volume of the unit cell and to the decrease of the structural distortion of the bismuth titanate, as well. The present x-ray absorption spectroscopic results reveal that the local structural change upon chemical reduction is remarkably depressed by the cation substitution through the enhancement of (Ti[Single_Bond]O) bonds. Such a stabilization of TiO6 octahedra can be understood by a competition between adjacent (Bi[Single_Bond]O) and (Ti[Single_Bond]O) bonds as well as the contraction of the unit cell.


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