Matrix Revolutions: An Introduction to Quantum Variables for Young Mathematicians

Effros, Edward G.
September 2004
Mathematical Intelligencer;Fall2004, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p53
Academic Journal
Presents an introduction to quantum variables for mathematicians. Recognition of the major shift in physics from mathematical physicist Werner Karl Heisenberg's formulation of matrix mechanics; Replacement of the function of quantities in classical physics by non-commuting infinite matrices or Hilbert space operators in quantum theory; Formulation of the canonical commutation relation equation for the position and momentum operators; Refinement of Planck's principle of the assumption of integer increments of the universal constant by action variables.


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