Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser

Wu, X.; Yamilov, A.; Liu, X.; Li, S.; Dravid, V. P.; Chang, R. P. H.; Cao, H.
October 2004
Applied Physics Letters;10/25/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 17, p3657
Academic Journal
We fabricated two-dimensional photonic crystal structures in zinc oxide films with focused-ion-beam etching. Lasing is realized in the near-ultraviolet frequency at room temperature under optical pumping. From the measurement of lasing frequency and spatial profile of the lasing modes, as well as the photonic band structure calculation, we conclude that lasing occurs in the strongly localized defect modes near the edges of photonic band gap. These defect modes originate from the structure disorder unintentionally introduced during the fabrication process.


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