Effects of natriuretic peptide receptor inhibition on remnant kidney function in rats

Zhang, Ping L.; Mackenzie, Harald S.; Troy, Julia L.; Brenner, Barry M.
August 1994
Kidney International;Aug1994, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p414
Academic Journal
Effects of natriuretic peptide receptor inhibition, on remnant kidney function in rats. To identify the contribution of natriuretic peptide (NP) activity to the adaptative increases In glomerular filtration rate (GFR), effective renal plasma flow rate (ERPF)and fractional sodium excretion (FENa) observed in the remnant kidney, we investigated the acute effects of administering HS-142-1 (HS), a potent NP receptor antagonist, in 5⁄6th nephrectomized (NPX) rats. In addition to normal sodium intake, high or low sodium intakes were used to stimulate or suppress, respectively, endogenous NP activity in NPX rats. In rats three days after NPX on high-sodium, HS (20 mg/kg bolus i.v.) reduced GFR from 0.55 ± 0.05 to 0.35 ± 0.04 ml/min, ERPF from 1.83 ± 0.19 to 1.53 ± 0.16 ml/min; and FENa from 7.1 ± 1.1 to 1.6 ± 0.4%, without affecting MAP. Similar changes of lesser magnitude were observed in NPX rats on normal sodium intake. By contrast, GFR, ERPF, FENa and MAP were unchanged following HS in NPX rats on low sodium intake, suggesting that the magnitude of responses to HS is dependent upon the expected levels of activity of NP. We conclude that in anesthetized rats, natriuretic peptides contribute to the compensatory increases in GFR, ERPF and FENa observed in the remnant kidney under normal and salt-replete conditions.


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