Role of thrombospondin in mesangial cell growth: Possible existence of an autocrine feedback growth circuit

Marinides, George N.; Suchard, Susanne J.; Mookerjee, Basab K.
August 1994
Kidney International;Aug1994, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p350
Academic Journal
Thrombospondin (TSP) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein involved in mesangial cell (MC) adhesive and migratory function. We have studied the role of TSP in activation and proliferation of rat MC in serum-free media. TSP, in a concentration dependent manner (5 to 20 μg/ml), caused an increase in thymidine uptake, first detectable at 28 hours and more prominent at 48 hours. This effect was inhibited by heparin and heparan sulfate. TSP induced epidermal growth factor (EGF) secretion and significantly augmented constitutive platelet-derived growth factor-AB (PDGF-AB) secretion by MC in a concentration dependent fashion. It did not, however, induce TGF-β, IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, nr TNF-α production. TSP had an additive effect with exogenous EGF and PDGF on thymidine uptake. Anti-PDGF neutralizing antibody eliminated the effect of TSP on MC growth. MC displayed a single class of heparin-inhibitable TSP binding sites (Bmax 3.8 ± 1.8 × 106cell, Kd = 80 ± 29 nM). Based on these observations, we propose the existence of an autocrine positive feedback loop of MC proliferation involving TSP and growth factors, and regulated by heparan sulfate.


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