Linkage/association study of a locus modulating total serum lgE on chromosome 14q 13-24 in families with asthma

Mansur, A. H.; Bishop, D. T.; Holgale, S. T.; Markham, A. F.; Morrison, J. F. J.
October 2004
Thorax;Oct2004, Vol. 59 Issue 10, p876
Academic Journal
Background: A study was undertaken to validate a locus modulating total serum IgE levels on 14q1 3-24. Methods: A linkage and association study was performed between total serum IgE and a panel of seven microsatellites which map to the 1 4q1 3-24 region in 69 families with asthma recruited from Leeds, UK. Results: Non-parametric, multipoint, sib pair analysis showed no evidence of genetic linkage between the quantitative trait "log IgE" and any of the tested markers. However, a significant association was observed between locus Dl 4563 (14q23) and total serum IgE (p= 0.017). Allelic analysis showed an association between low total IgE and allele 157 of Dl 4563 (p = 0.01, OR = 0.63,95% Cl 0.44 to 0.90). Modelling of allele 157 genotypes as a continuous covariate indicated evidence of a significant inverse linear trend across the three genotypes where 157 homozygotes had the lowest mean log IgE (p = 0.045). Association of Dl 4563 with log lgE was confirmed in the analysis of a combined dataset of 53 families from Southampton, UK and the 69 families from Leeds (total 122 families). An association was observed at the locus level (p = 0.022) and the allelic level where allele 165 showed an association with high total IgE (p = 0.001, OR = 3.79, 95% Cl 1.54 to 9.7) and allele 157 showed an association with low total IgE (p =0.041, OR = 0.77, 95% Cl 0.6 to 0.99). The transmission disequilibrium test was positive for allele 165 (p<0.05) and negative for allele 157 (p>0.05). Conclusions: Despite the lack of linkage, the findings of this study support the previous observation of a gene(s) at 14q23 that modulates total serum IgE.


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