Technology of production of red figure pottery from Attic and southern Italian workshops

Mirti, Piero; Gulmini, Monica; Perardi, Alessandra; Davit, Patrizia; Elia, Diego
October 2004
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Oct2004, Vol. 380 Issue 4, p712
Academic Journal
Samples from Greek figure vases were investigated by scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis, X-ray diffraction, thermomechanical analysis and reflectance spectroscopy to achieve a technological characterisation. The vases, dating from the end of the sixth to the fourth century BC, had been excavated at Locri Epizephiri (Calabria, Italy) and attributed to Attic or local workshops, respectively. Information on the morphology of black slip areas and firing temperatures was compared with that previously obtained for Attic and local black gloss pottery from the same site; results show that the peculiar technique required for the production of black slips was mastered by both Attic and local potters and employed for monochrome and figured products. The black coating is usually well vitrified and 15- to 20-µm thick; the evaluated maximum firing temperature is around 900°C, while a temperature lower than 800°C is generally estimated for ceramic body re-oxidation.


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