No Longer Theory: Correctional Practices That Work

Shrum, Harvey
September 2004
Journal of Correctional Education;Sep2004, Vol. 55 Issue 3, p225
Academic Journal
Criminologists and politicians have debated the effectiveness of correctional rehabilitation programs since the mid- 1970s when criminal justice scholars and policy makers throughout the United States embraced Robert Martinson's credo of "nothing works." Programs based around punishment and surveillance grew. They are being embraced even stronger today despite the fact that Martinson later admitted that he was wrong. An ample amount of research exists that suggest that there are successful programs available to reduce future criminality of not only offenders but also of potential offenders. This article presents correctional practices that effectively reduce recidivism rates and recommends two additional programs, Logotherapy and the Intensive Journal, proven to be cost-effective in the fields of prevention and rehabilitation.


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