Bowles, Chester
April 1960
Foreign Affairs;Apr1960, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p476
Academic Journal
This article focuses on the political conditions of China. In the autumn of 1949, after 22 years of bitter and protracted struggle, Communist Mao Tse-tung and his Red armies finally established Communist rule over mainland China. The initial American reaction was division and confusion. Under present conditions, debate over recognition of Communist China by the United States is largely a dead-end street. If the U.S. should propose an exchange of ambassadors, Mao Tse-tung would surely ask if the recognition extended to Communist sovereignty over "the Province of Formosa." Americans and Nationalist Chinese alike should now strive to and a common ground with their allies and friends, and to relate their policies more rationally to the forces which will shape events in Asia during the next decade. Formosa, an island of 14,000 square miles of lofty mountains and fertile valleys, has hovered on the edge of Chinese history for several hundred years. Some observers have suggested that the ultimate solution in Formosa may be to hold a plebiscite. As a practical matter, however, a plebiscite would almost certainly be rejected by both the Taipei and Peking governments.


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