Yemelyanov, V. S.
April 1960
Foreign Affairs;Apr1960, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p465
Academic Journal
This article focuses on constructive uses of the nuclear energy. Nuclear radiation and radioactive isotopes have been turned into a powerful means of developing research in the field of science and engineering and into a practical tool in industry, biology, medicine and agriculture. The Soviet Union was the first to demonstrate the practical possibility of using the energy of nuclear fission to generate electric power. Today no one doubts that it is practical to produce electricity by this means. But the wide use of nuclear energy requires that atomic power stations should operate not only reliably and safely, but also economically. Nuclear power engineering is still in its infancy and has many problems to solve. The first atomic power station in the world is only five years old; and as with any growing young organism, radical changes take place in the course of development. Understandably enough, the changes are of considerable importance and occur very rapidly; and since they concern both new scientific discoveries and technical improvements they often compel revision of previous decisions and suggest new variants. While perfecting the techniques of experimental work, developing further research, establishing new research centers and continuing to train specialists at home, the Soviet Union also renders considerable help in this field abroad.


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