Schapiro, Leonard
April 1960
Foreign Affairs;Apr1960, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p391
Academic Journal
This article presents information on socio-economic and political changes after the World War II. When the Second World War was drawing to a close hopes ran high that the Soviet Union had undergone fundamental changes. Great Britain, and even more the United States, persuaded themselves that Russia had abandoned the aim of world revolution and had reverted to the traditional anxieties of a great power determined to safeguard its own security, and that a real basis existed for a permanent accommodation between the Soviet and the Western powers. A mere glance at Soviet history reveals the close parallel in several respects between what happened after 1921, when the New Economic Policy came into being, and the position in the years after 1953. Yet neither after 1921 nor after 1953 was there the slightest relaxation in the basic principle of Soviet government--party control. Indeed, as will be seen later, the party apparatus has since 1953 extended and consolidated its hold over the country to a greater extent than ever before. The question with which the people are concerned is that of the developments which have taken place in his instrument of rule, the Communist Party, since obviously an instrument designed for rule by terror is not suited to rule by persuasion. First, it has become more representative. Secondly, the Party has extended its administrative network into spheres where it formerly could not penetrate successfully. This is particularly evident in the case of agriculture.


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