Scalapino, Robert A.
January 1960
Foreign Affairs;Jan1960, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p318
Academic Journal
The article discusses the status and role of Socialists in Japan. Japan can be called a one and one-half party state. The weak and divided Japanese Socialists cannot seriously challenge the massive Liberal-Democratic Party. In large measure, this has always been true. Even when the Japanese conservatives were divided, prior to 1955, they consistently polled close to two-thirds of the vote in national elections and a considerably higher percentage in most local contests. Optimism in Socialist ranks has been replaced by gloom. The Japanese Socialist Party has been stopped in its tracks and now faces another internal crisis of major proportions. New clouds first appeared in the election for the House of Representatives in May 1958, when the Socialist rate of growth declined. The grave problems implicit in their current leadership, organization and social foundations, how does a party become responsible without power, indeed, when it is almost without hope of power? If there is no legacy of policy to defend, irresponsibility is an omnipresent danger. There is just enough in the pattern of modern power and in socioeconomic trends in the "advanced" world to suggest a new problem for democracy: the problem of the perennial minority. Democracy is in peril if one party knows only how to govern and the others only how to oppose.


Related Articles

  • Sobering Victory.  // Time;12/25/1972, Vol. 100 Issue 26, p25 

    The article focuses on the victory celebrations of the political parties of Japan concerning the results of the national elections. It states that the gloom observed during the Liberal Democratic Party's celebration was due to the reduced seats obtained by party in the 491-seat house even though...

  • Party Competition, Nomination Errors, and the Electoral Decline of the Japan Socialist Party. Patterson, Dennis; Robbins, Joseph // Taiwan Journal of Democracy;Jul2012, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p119 

    Social democratic parties have thrived in most democracies, but the Japan Socialist Party (JSP) has declined to such an extent that it has become almost electorally irrelevant. Explanations for this involve such factors as the party's ideological rigidity and poor leadership, which have kept it...

  • Tamed Bull Ohira loses face and muscle.  // Time;10/22/1979, Vol. 114 Issue 17, p60 

    The article reports on the defeat of Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira, leader of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), in the parliamentary elections in October 1979 in Japan. It highlights the findings of a public opinion poll prior to the elections which reflected the popularity of the LDP over...

  • Japanese Prime Minister Murayama. MacLachlan, Suzanne; Mutch, David // Christian Science Monitor;7/7/95, Vol. 87 Issue 155, p2 

    Informs about the launching of Socialist Party's campaign for Upper House elections by Japanese Prime Minister Murayama.

  • JAPAN AND THE PERILS OF POWER. Yokota, Takashi // Newsweek;9/7/2009, Vol. 154 Issue 10, p7 

    The article examines the role of the Democratic Party of Japan within the nation’s September 2009 elections. Projections show that the party will win two-thirds of the Japanese parliament and effectively end the 54-year reign of the Liberal Democratic Party. However, the author urges that...

  • MODERADOS, PRAGMÁTICOS E PERSONALIZADOS: A evolução dos partidos de esquerda na Europa do Sul. Lisi, Marco // Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas;set-dez2010, Issue 64, p59 

    This article seeks to examine the development of the main left-wing government parties in Southern Europe. In spite of the different party systems, these parties have had to adapt to the challenges of transforming their support bases and to electoral competition. To analyse the different...

  • Socialism on the Ropes.  // Time;1/12/1970, Vol. 95 Issue 2, p23 

    The article offers information on the goals and agendas of the Socialist Party of Japan and also discusses it current position in the country. It mentions that the result of Japan's eleventh postwar shows the declining popularity of the Socialist Party and the growing power of Liberal Democrats...

  • Delinking National and Local Party Systems: New Parties in Japanese Local Elections. Leonard Hijino, Ken Victor // Journal of East Asian Studies;Jan-Apr2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p107 

    Broader structural developments in Japan in the past two decades-decline of clientelist practices, partisan de-alignment, and decentralization—have dissolved traditionally close ties between national and local party systems, creating an environment conducive to the emergence of local...

  • Letter from Budapest. Dent, Bob // New Statesman & Society;5/20/94, Vol. 7 Issue 303, p11 

    Focuses on the May 8, 1994 general elections in Hungary. Dominance of Socialist Party; Alliance of Free Democrats' emphasis on social and welfare issues; Hungarians' response to racist ultra-nationalism.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics