Armstrong, Hamilton Fish
July 1959
Foreign Affairs;Jul1959, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p617
Academic Journal
This article describes the foreign relation of India with China. Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru gave notice to Communist China in December 1950, just after the Chinese invasion of Tibet, that the Himalayas are India's northern frontier and that an attack on Nepal would be, in effect, an attack on India. Nepal is a border land where the civilizations of India and Central Asia meet and to some extent blend. It is guarded on the north by the towering Himalayas, including five of the world's highest peaks, but these are interspersed with passes, some 15 in number, through which at propitious seasons human-borne trade can make an arduous way from and to Tibet. As Prime Minister Nehru made clear, India in effect guarantees Nepal because it forms an essential segment of the Indian defense system. But China's disregard of Tibet's rights of autonomy and religious freedom as promised in the agreement with India and underwritten by the whole system of Panchsheel--the five principles of coexistence--has brought home to all the leaders of free Asia, and most painfully of all to Prime Minister Nehru, that good relations with Communist China are dependent not only on their sincerity but on China's sincerity as well.


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