Eason, Warren W.
July 1959
Foreign Affairs;Jul1959, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p598
Academic Journal
This article discusses the population growth in the Soviet Union. For Western analysts of Soviet affairs who have at one time or another in the past 20 years suffered from the dearth of official statistical information on the Soviet population, the long-awaited relief has finally begun to appear. From the data so far released one fact stands out. Soviet loss of life in World War II was far greater than we had supposed. Indeed the deaths among the male population simply stagger the imagination. Before developing this point, let us glance at the data so far released and discuss briefly their validity. The 1959 census of population is the seventh planned since the beginning of the Soviet period, the sixth to be carried out in one form or other, and the fifth from which at least selected data have been published. The first All-Union Census of 1920 was conducted under abnormal conditions and the results were consequently incomplete and of generally poor quality. The statistical validity of the 1959 census is difficult to establish on the basis of the preliminary results, and a careful examination of this question must therefore be postponed.


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