Schumann, Maurice
October 1962
Foreign Affairs;Oct62, Vol. 41 Issue 1, p66
The article focuses on the French-German relations. Behind the French-German reconciliation, as behind all the seemingly theoretical debates arising out of the problem of supranationality, there is, in reality, a fundamental fear, that of a new German-Soviet pact. The aversion of a large section of the French Right to the transformation of the hereditary enemy into a partner and an ally has not disappeared overnight. To be sure, the champions of traditional nationalism who joined with the Communists, their worst enemies to combat the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951, or the Common Market in 1957, and to bring about the failure of the European Defense Community in 1954, were not all guided by distrust toward Germany. Many of them, probably most of them, were responding rather to the desire not to get involved in a system of which England was not a member, to the fear of upheavals that might bring about the disappearance of old economic structures, or to the almost instinctive will to preserve national sovereignty.


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