Wagner, Edward W.
October 1961
Foreign Affairs;Oct61, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p128
The article reports on the political scenario of South Korea. The attempt of the United States to help instill the art of democratic self-government among the people of South Korea has failed after 16 years. Eight years after the conclusion of a costly and bitter struggle to preserve the infant Republic of Korea against Communist assault from the north the United States faces the possibility that Communism may present the impoverished and police-ridden people of the south with an increasingly attractive alternative. The South Korean military, so carefully nurtured as Asia's finest free-world force, has defied its mentors and destroyed the country's free institutions. Almost unnoticed, there has been a disturbingly large movement of free people, the Koreans living in Japan, to behind the Iron Curtain. Until two years ago the magnitude of failure in Korea was hidden from an indifferent American public. The facts of the recent crises in South Korea have been duly noted in the press, but an assessment of the underlying causes has neither been demanded nor given.


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