Eren, Nuri
October 1961
Foreign Affairs;Oct61, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p95
The article reports on political problems, policies and parties in Turkey. When the Turkish Armed Forces dissolved Parliament and took over the government on May 27, 1960, the Turkish Republic suffered its first violent crisis in its 38 years of existence. In the interim some attempts were made to perpetuate military government, but overwhelming public resistance nipped them in the bud. In a referendum on July 9 the Turkish people voted themselves a new constitution and on October 29 the Second Republic will be officially baptized. Already there is a serious rift in public opinion. Its significance IS deeper than was seen in the referendum of July 9, when out of the 82.9 percent of the electorate which participated 38.3 percent voted against the constitution. The referendum was identified with the interim government and its deflationary policies which had resulted in a grave economic crisis. The nature of the political, social and economic questions confronting the Second Republic has been aggravated by the fact that they are incorporated into the constitution.


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