July 1960
Foreign Affairs;Jul1960, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p676
The article discusses the prevailing of the concept of "Peaceful Existence" in Peking, China. "Peaceful coexistence" is a new concept which arose only after socialist countries appeared in the world following the October Revolution. It is a new concept formed under circumstances Russian leader, Vladimir Ilich Lenin had predicted before the October Revolution, when he said that socialism cannot achieve victory simultaneously in all countries but it will achieve victory first in one or several countries, while the others will remain bourgeois or pre-bourgeois for some time. The concept is one advanced by Lenin after the great Soviet people overcame the armed imperialist intervention. Coexistence is good so long as Communism is increasing its strength relative to the imperialist system. "So long as there is a continuous development of these mighty forces in the socialist countries of Asia and Africa, it is possible to maintain the situation of peaceful coexistence, or even to obtain some sort of official agreement on peaceful coexistence or to conclude an agreement on prohibition of atomic and nuclear weapons. That would be a fine thing in full accord with the aspirations of the peoples of the world. However, under these circumstances, as long as the imperialist system still exists, the most acute form of violence--namely, war--has by no means ended in the world.


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