Khan, Mohammed Ayub
July 1960
Foreign Affairs;Jul1960, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p547
Academic Journal
The article reports on the political problems faced by Pakistan after it gained independence. Muhammad Iqbal, poet and philosopher, in his presidential address to the annual session of All-India Muslim League in 1930 that he spelt out the broad outlines of a plan under which the Muslims of India were led to aspire to an independent state in which they would be free to follow their own way of life. Iqbal's thesis that in their free state the Muslims were to practice their own way of life posed an ideological problem which was not easy to handle. Pakistan was thus involved in the paradox of almost losing its ideology in the very act of trying to fulfill it. The strain which befell Pakistan immediately on its emergence was economic. Besides more than 9,000,000 refugees who poured over the border in a state of appalling terror and distress, food fell desperately short owing to hundreds of thousands of acres of land going out of use every year on account of salinity and water-logging, a menace which still continues unabated.


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