Bowie, Robert R.
October 1963
Foreign Affairs;Oct63, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p49
Academic Journal
The article focuses on the differences among the Atlantic nations. The basic issue for the discord arises on Europe and how shall it be related to the United States. The security and prosperity of the Atlantic nations depend on working together. Their concerted help is essential to provide the capital and markets desperately needed by the modernizing societies of Asia, Africa and Latin America. The direct cause of existing divisions is mainly due to French President Charles de Gaulle and his actions. But he has also intensified and capitalized on serious strains arising from other sources within the Alliance and within Europe. De Gaulle's attitude toward the European Community flows from his concepts as to the role of France. For him, the ultimate reality is the sovereign nation-state--and above all France. His vision of European unity is based on coordinating policies among sovereign states--a "Europe of nations." The idea of transferring authority to European institutions is anathema to him, as he has made it clear many a times. De Gaulle wants a Europe organized under French leadership and without sacrificing the relative independence of France. His hope is to exploit the situation to erect a sort of pyramid of power, with France at the top. Its base is a Franco-German relationship designed to yield the German proxy needed for his strategy.


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