Duncan, Patrick
October 1963
Foreign Affairs;Oct63, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p38
Academic Journal
The article discusses world policy toward South Africa. In the Security Council on August 7, the United States voted for a ban on the shipment of arms to the South African Government, and in the course of the debate the U.S. representative announced that the United States would suspend all arms shipments at the end of the year. policy. But as the vote was taken under African pressure, and as it separated the United States from Britain and France (which abstained), the shift was significant; for it showed that when faced with a choice, the United States is more prepared than before to take a stand against apartheid. Hitherto United States' policy in Africa has tried to avoid making choices. The Government of the United States has tried, and largely succeeded, in remaining friend to both the departing metropole powers and the emerging African nations. Of all possible trade embargoes, only one has any chance of being truly effective--a blockade of oil imports--since it has no petroleum, though an oil-from-coal industry supplies about 10 percent of its gasoline needs.


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