Khan, Mohammed Ayub
January 1964
Foreign Affairs;Jan1964, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p195
Academic Journal
It is nearly ten years since Pakistan became an ally of the West. It was in May 1954 when Pakistan signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement with the U.S. Later in that year, it became a member of SEATO along with the U.S., Great Britain, France, Thailand, Philippines, Australia and New Zealand. A year later, it joined the Baghdad Pact, another defense organization. The strategic location of Pakistan is of some significance. So situated, Pakistan constitutes a defensive shield for India and also the gateway to South Africa. Nevertheless, Pakistan came in bitter criticism from India when she joined these purely defensive alliances. India charged that Pakistan had brought the cold war to the subcontinent. The real purpose of this Indian outcry became clearer as time advanced, and more particularly when in 1959 Pakistan signed the bilateral Agreement of Cooperation. According to this agreement, the U.S. would under certain circumstances assist Pakistan if she became the victim of aggression. It is the aim of this article to evaluates the stresses and strains of the Pakistan-American alliance.


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