Quasistatic electric-field-modulated optical pattern transition in a thin nematic liquid-crystal film with a single feedback mirror

Hsu, Hsu-Kuan; Lai, Yinchieh; Chen, Shu-Hsia
October 2004
Applied Physics Letters;10/4/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 14, p2724
Academic Journal
We present here the pattern formation in the transverse profile of a continuous-wave laser beam passing through a parallel planar-aligned nematic liquid crystal (NLC) film biased by a quasistatic electric field and then reflected back to the sample cell by a single planar mirror. The effect of the biasing voltage is studied through the ability to change the nonlinearity by modulating the orientation of the NLC molecules electrically. By suitably modulating the quasistatic electric field the optical pattern transition from the hexagon to the roll is achieved. The pattern transition can be explained by the linear stability analysis for the nonlinear liquid crystal film with optical feedback.


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