An approach for electrical self-stabilization of high-temperature superconducting wires for power applications

Aytug, T.; Paranthaman, M.; Zhai, H. Y.; Gapud, A. A.; Leonard, K. J.; Martin, P. M.; Goyal, A.; Thompson, J. R.; Christen, D. K.
October 2004
Applied Physics Letters;10/4/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 14, p2887
Academic Journal
Electrical and thermal stability of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) wires/tapes are essential in applications involving efficient production, distribution, and storage of electrical energy. We have developed a conductive buffer layer structure composed of bilayer La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Ir on a textured Ni–W alloy metal tape to functionally shunt the HTS layer to the underlying substrate. The key feature is the Ir layer, which serves as a barrier to both inward diffusion of oxygen and outward diffusion of metal substrate cations during fabrication. Electrical and microstructural property characterizations of YBa2Cu3O7-δ films on short prototype conductors demonstrate self-field critical current density values, Jc, exceeding 2×106 A/cm2 at 77 K and excellent electrical coupling to the underlying metal substrate, with no unwanted insulating oxide interfaces. Implementing this approach in power technologies would significantly increase the engineering current density of the conductor and reduce overall process costs.


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