TITLE

Inhibition of Graft Coronary Arteriosclerosis After Heart Transplantation

AUTHOR(S)
Soukiasian, Harmik J.; Czer, Lawrence S. C.; Hai-Mei Wang; Luthringer, Daniel; Charles Wang; Kamlot, Andreas; Quartel, Adrian; Trento, Alfredo
PUB. DATE
October 2004
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Oct2004, Vol. 70 Issue 10, p833
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Graft coronary arteriosclerosis (GCA) is the leading cause of long-term mortality after heart transplantation (HTx). The goal of this study was to demonstrate that inhibition of immune-mediated injury by cyclosporine (CsA) protects the allograft from GCA. ACI-to-Lewis rat allografts were disparate in major and nonmajor histocompatibility loci. Isografts (Lewis-Lewis) were controls. Treatment groups received either olive oil or CsA at 2.5, 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg/day for 3 months. Histology (elastin) and immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies to CD4, CD8, CD45R, RTIB, CDllb/c, CD25, and α-actin was performed to examine the epicardial and intramyocardial coronary arteries. Computerized image morphomelry was utilized to measure intimal and media! thickness and area. Rats receiving olive oil or CsA al 2.5 mg/kg/day had severe rejection and no graft survival. CsA at 5 mg/kg/day resulted in less severe rejection with significant intimal and medial proliferation (P < 0.001). CsA at 10-20 mg/kg/day paralleled Lewis-Lewis isograft outcomes and inhibited arteriosclerotic vascular changes in the allograft: (P < 0.001). Perivascular T-helper cells and macrophages were a characteristic finding with low-dose CsA but rare with higher CsA doses. In this new model of accelerated GCA in rats, immune-mediated antigen-dependent vasculopathy as a result of inadequate immunosuppresion is fundamental in the development of GCA, which appeared equally in epicardial arteries and intramyocardial arterioles. CsA prevents GCA in a dose-dependent fashion in the rat allograft.
ACCESSION #
14697597

 

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